Some international development organizations have also developed guidelines for PPP laws and concessions laws that include details on the content of contractual arrangements. For more information, see PPP Laws/Concession Laws. There is a long tradition of using standardized agreements to purchase goods and services for traditional public works projects, and many international financial institutions, including the World Bank, require the use of standard tender documents for the projects they fund. The use of standardized contracts for complex public-private partnership (PPP) transactions is less common and international financial institutions have not yet created standardized agreements for PPP transactions. Many international financial institutions, including the World Bank, have standardized documentation for government procurement of goods and services. For more information, see Procurement Process and Quotation Documents. The term “PPP contract” refers to the contractual documents that govern the relationship between the public and private parties in connection with a PPP transaction. These documents define the rights and obligations of the parties, address risk allocation and change management mechanisms. In practice, the “PPP contract” can include several documents and agreements. For more details, see Box 3.9: “What is the PPP contract” (p. 155) of the PPP Reference Manual? Below are links to examples of standardized PPP agreements, PPP contractual clauses, tender documents and guides developed at the national and international levels: At the national level, many countries have developed model tender documents, model contracts or important contractual clauses, as well as guidelines. These include a number of jurisdictions with extensive PPP programmes, such as the United Kingdom, Australia and South Africa.
Standardized agreements are also increasingly being used for specific industries to reduce the cost of each individual contract. Other countries incorporate certain standardized elements into general legislation to regulate all PPP contracts. Revised report on the recommended provisions of PPP treaties prepared by Gide Loyrette Nouel at the request of the World Bank, July 2015. The Government of India`s Planning Commission provides an overview of model concession contracts for PPPs for a number of transport-related projects. Draft Report on Recommended Contractual Provisions for PPPs Reference Guide for Public-Private Partnerships, Version: 2.0, Asian Development Bank (ADB), Inter-American Development Bank (IDB), World Bank Group, Public-Private Advisory Facility for Infrastructure (PPIAF), Second Edition, July 2014, Table 3.1 “Examples of PPP Contracts and Standard Contractual Clauses”, p. 158. PPP Contracts and Contractual Clauses Video: Should Standardized Agreements Be Used in PPP Contracts – Debate, Law, Justice and Development Week 2014. . .